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Historical Construction Equipment Association
Home of the National Construction Equipment Museum



This gallery of equipment images is designed to help you identify common types of construction cranes and derricks, both past and present.

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8 photo(s) Updated on: 03/12/2013
  • Locomotive crane – c. 1919 Brownhoist No. 3. Developed in 1886, self-propelled railroad cranes were the only mobile construction cranes until the 1910s. They still see use in industrial applications.
  • Crawler crane - 1963 P & H 955A. Crawler-mounted cranes could be either be purpose-built or, like this mid-sized example, be converted from a shovel, dragline or backhoe by changing out attachments.
  • Truck crane: 1945 Lorain MC414. Developed in 1919, the truck-mounted gave the crane speedy, over-the-road mobility. The latticework in the boom reinforces it; this crane could lift 15 tons.
  • Self-propelled hydraulic crane: 1969 Grove RT58. This crane’s telescopic boom gives it a wide working range, and the four-wheel-drive carrier can negotiate difficult terrain.
  • Truck-mounted hydraulic crane: 1979-1980 Lorain MCH500. Like the lattice-boom crane, hydraulic cranes could be mounted on trucks for greater transit speed.
  • Guy derrick: c. 1911 Lidgerwood Standard. The guy derrick, which utilizes a swinging boom at the base of a stationary mast secured by guy lines, is one of the earliest lifting cranes.
  • Tower crane: c. 1980 American Pecco SK71. The tower crane, with a horizontal counterbalanced boom rotating atop a free-standing mast, can be seen on many high-rise building projects.
  • Whirley crane: 1972 Clyde Iron Works 42. Also called a portal crane, the whirley travels on wide-gauge rails. It is used mostly on dams and other large concrete pours, in shipyards and at dockside.
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